April 10, 2012 - Due to popular demand we released today the 2nd Edition of Creating Rational Organizations. The updated volume is available online (click image above right).
November 16, 2010 - Today the US Patent and Trademark Office granted Meta Command Systems, Inc. and its founder Dr. Jay S. Bayne a second patent, originally filed in 2005, related to a "Method and Systems for Network-based, Distributed Command and Control of an Enterprise." The 2010 patent, number 7,835,931, is a continuation of and extension to its 2007 patent 7,181,302, applied for in 2003. These two patents, documented extensively by material available on this website, cover over 50 claims related to an integrated set of scalable applications and supporting computational infrastructure (together referred to as an "Enterprise Governance System") needed to provide distributed (network-based) real-time, adaptive governance of small, medium and large-scale enterprises across a wide-range of application environments, from military and homeland defense C2 , to federal, state and local government services, and to commercial industrial, healthcare and other complex governance domains.
August 20, 2010 - Meta Command Systems, Inc. (MCSI) is pleased to announce that the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has granted both of MCSI' 2003 and 2005 patent applications; the 2003 application was granted in 2008 and the 2005 "continuation" application was granted this week. The two patents, with over 50 claims, cover core elements of an integrated “enterprise command and control system“ (aka, enterprise governance system, EGS), including its recursive command structure (base on cybernetic principles), key performance metrics, and the “stream computing” oriented control processing framework comprising real-time, continuous situation assessment, plan generation and plan execution services.
March 28, 2009 - Dr. Bayne was an invited participant in a two-day meeting of the NSF-sponsored Center for Autonomic Computing (CAC), held at Microsoft's Advanta Campus in Bellevue, WA. CAC is a funded center comprising researchers from the University of Florida, University of Arizona and Rutgers. The meeting included presentations by CAC researchers on topics ranging from intelligent IP networking to adaptive scheduling in HPC clusters. Additionally, CAC industrial sponsors reviewed the work, made presentations on their individual activities in the general area of adaptive, self-aware information systems, and made suggestions for future activities within the three CAC programs.
April 27, 2009 - In his role as consultant, Dr. Bayne invited Dr. Gurindar Sohi, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Wisconsin Madison, to present his work on tools and techniques for parallelizing code for multi-core high performance compute (HPC) clusters. The presentation took place at Dedicated Computing (DC), a Waukesha WI manufacturer of high performance embedded computing systems. Dr. Sohi's lecture was part of DC's continuing efforts to advance the state of the art of embedding special purpose HPC machines in compute intensive applications such a medical imaging, simulation and security.
November 4, 2009 - By invitation Dr. Bayne was privileged to speak to the Marquette University School of Engineering graduate program on Engineering Management, with emphasis on the subject of "Architecting Service Systems." (A 13Mbyte PowerPoint Show presentation used in the lecture is located here.) The lecture focused on the importance of the design and engineering of a product's supporting service system as an integral aspect of defining its value proposition.
October 1, 2009 - NSF (CISE) announced that it has awarded funding for the proposal "Localization and System Services for SpatioTemporal Actions in Cyber-Physical Systems." The research collaborative team includes Drs. Rajesh Gupta (UC San Diego), Anish Arora (Ohio State University) and Jay Bayne (Meta Command Systems). Dr. Bayne is engaging in this activity in his role as Adjunct Professor at UCSD.
September 2, 2009 - In the spirit of "information wants to be free," we have released a PDF version of our book Rational Organizations (see panel, upper right). This is no small download: 22MB and 249 pages. A bound version is available for those who want a "real" book.
April 4, 2009 - In collaboration with the Milwaukee Institute, MCSI is developing a high-performance computer simulation of the federated enterprise model described in the Cyberspatial Mechanics paper, referenced below. The simulation is being developed with Wolfram Research's Mathematica 7 and gridMathematica tools and run on the Institute's HPC Cluster.
March 22, 2009 - As part of its continuing effort to advance the state of the science of cyberphysical systems, MCSI recently joined researchers at the Ohio State University and the University of California San Diego to submit an NSF CISE proposal. The proposal is entitled "Localization and System Services for SpatioTemporal Actions in Cyber-Physical Systems."
June 6, 2008 - The research paper Cyberspatial Mechanics was published this month in the IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - Part B. This first of several planned papers introduces to the systems and services science communities a formal definition of cyberspace supporting the specification and analysis of the dynamics of enterprises (autonomous cyberspatial agents) that interoperate through infospatial, geospatial and sociospatial transactions.
January 17, 2007 - The research collaborations noted below have resulted in submission today of two NSF proposals, one focused on the role of the distributed real-time Java thread programming model (DRTSJ) as a basis for implementing cyberphysical system services (VT). The second is focused on "cyberspace-time physics" and the relation among geospatial, infospatial and temporal dimensions in reasoning about dynamic objects operating in "cyber space" (UCSD).
January 3, 2007 - MCSI announces the establishment of research collaborations with the University of California San Diego (Cyberphysical Systems) and Virginia Tech (Real-time Computing) in pursuit of NSF funded research. These arrangements complement Dr. Bayne's academic work at UWM and help progress MCSI's commercial interests in Enterprise C2.
January 1, 2008 - MCSI announced today that Dr. Jay Bayne, in addition to his executive role at Meta Command Systems, will take on the additional responsibilities of Executive Director of the newly formed Milwaukee Institute. The Institute is a non-profit research foundation dedicated to the expansion of scientific research, economic development and educational outreach in the Great Lakes region.
November 15, 2006 - MCSI announces that its President, Dr. Jay Bayne, has been appointed Adjunct Professor of Computer Science at the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee (UWM). The appointment will provide the opportunity to support UWM's efforts at expanding multi-disciplinary programs requiring incorporation and application of systems sciences. It will also provide Dr. Bayne with the ability to perform research and teaching with support of NSF, NIH and other federal and state funded academic research programs.
November 3, 2006 - Position papers and results from the NSF Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems are now available here.
September 24, 2006 - Meta Command Systems received word today of its invitation to participate in the NSF-sponsored Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems, to be held in Austin, Texas, October 16-17, 2006. The purpose of the workshop is to define a research initiative that seeks entirely new scientific foundations and technologies for the rapid and reliable development and integration of cyber-physical systems. Cyber-physical systems are physical and engineered systems that are fundamentally computer- and information-centric but exhibit deeply-integrated, real-time interaction of cyber- and physical components. These will be the engineered systems of the future.
September 13, 2006 - Today Meta Command Systems published a new book, Creating Rational Organizations--Theory of Enterprise Command and Control. The book is available at Cafe Press. Creating Rational Organizations is about effective governance of complex enterprises, both governmental and commercial, public and private. This book outlines principal elements of collaborative, shared (network accessible) and flexible governance services that allow organizations to achieve and maintain situational awareness, respond with rationalized plans of action and execute those plans with attention to performance. Unified command and control provides commanders (managers) at all levels of an enterprise with secure systems and services that enable coordinated execution of individual and mutual plans of action.
June 27, 2006 - The 11th CCRTS paper, entitled "C2 in the Joint Task Force Enterprise" is available here, along with the rest of the conference proceedings. The material is the subject of a brief to be presented to the US Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) in August.
June 2, 2006 - Our recent paper, submitted to the 11th Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS 2006), has been honored with a Best Paper nomination. In addition, we have received word that two additional papers have been accepted for publication in IEEE Conference Proceedings, one at the COMPSAC 2006 International Workshop on Software Cybernetics (IWSC'06) in Chicago, September 17-20 and one at the IEEE MILCOM 2006 Conference in Washington DC, October 23-25.
June 1, 2006 - We are now officially Meta Command Systems, Inc. (MCSI). While our name has changed, our mission has not!
April 7, 2006 - Echelon 4 today announces its intent to begin operations on June 1, 2006 under a new name - Meta Command Systems, Inc. This site will remain the primary corporate site until our new site, www.metacomsys.com, is up and running.
April 7, 2006 - Dr. Bayne has inaugurated a personal web log site at http://blog.jbayne.org/. Visitors are welcome to discuss philosophical and technical issues related to tools and techniques for effective governance of enterprises that meet, interconnect and collaborate for common cause on the web. The emergence of infospace mediated federations is a topic in many domains, including ontology work (OWL, RM-ODP, Semantic Web, etc), in DOD and DHS command and control domains, e-Commerce...
April 7, 2006 - An update to the November 28th note below: the CCRTS'06 paper by J. Bayne and D. Diggs, Director of DoD's C2 Policy Directorate, has been rewritten and focused on "C2 in the Joint Task Force (JTF) Enterprise." A new paper by Dr. Bayne was submitted to the 3rd International Workshop of Software Cybernetics (IWSC'06), a formal part of the 30th Annual International Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). The paper is entitled "Theory of Enterprise Command and Control."
December 16, 2005 - Having recently completed a two phase, 22 month research and development contract, Echelon 4 Corporation successfully delivered to the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Rome, NY a proof of concept demonstration of its Enterprise C2 "Bridge," an interactive enterprise command staff enclave that providing formal user interfaces to real-time grid-based command and control systems and services, including support for inter-enterprise coordination.
November 28, 2005 - Echelon 4 Corporation received word from the DOD's Command and Control Research Program (CCRP) today of their acceptance of the paper entitled "Theory of Enterprise Command and Control." The paper is coauthored by Dr. Jay Bayne of Echelon 4 and Mr. Don Diggs, Director of C2 Policy at OSD/NII. The paper provides a summary of core concepts developed for OSD/NII in an unpublished book by the same title. This is the fourth consecutive year (2003-2006) Echelon 4 has contributed research papers in the annual DOD-sponsored Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS).
August 20, 2005 - Echelon 4 was recently awarded a contract as "Senior Consultant" to the C2 Policy Directorate of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Networks and Information Integration (OSD/NII). The work will focus on developing a "theory of enterprise command and control" (EC2) appropriate to development of unified command structures in a global information grid (GIG) connected and network-centric warfare (NCW) environment.
July 15, 2005 - Echelon 4 has been selected as the commercialization partner for a recently awarded 2006-2009 Mitre (Bedford, MA) sponsored research (MSR) project, led by Dr. E. Douglas Jensen, to extend and deploy real-time transaction technologies known as "time utility functions" and "utility accrual scheduling" (TUF/UA).
June 8, 2005 - Echelon 4 Corporation is pleased to announce that the 10th International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) has accepted two papers written by Dr. Bayne, with contributions by Dr. Raymond Paul, OSD/NII. The first is entitled "Policy-based C2" and the second is entitled "Scale Free C2." The first paper was awarded "Best Paper" in the "C2 Policy" session (Track 12). The symposium, sponsored by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, will be held June 13-16, 2005 in McLean, VA.
June 1, 2005 - Echelon 4 Corporation announced today the appointment of Mr. Matthew Bumgardner as Member of the Technical Staff. Mr. Bumgardner holds a Bachelor's Degree in MIS from the University of Wisconsin and Professional Certifications as both a Sun Java2 Programmer and agile software development "Scrum Master." He is an expert software architect and development engineer, and will lead efforts to build enterprise command and control (C2) applications that are grid-compliant, web-services oriented (SOA) and secure.
May 25, 2005 - Echelon 4 Corporation received word today of contract award of an extension to its current Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL, Rome, NY) contract entitled "Grid-based Real-Time Command and Control" (C2). This $225K extension provides resources to include homeland defense and urban warfare scenarios to its demonstration of its "C2 Bridge." In addition, a clone of its C2 Bridge Platform will be constructed at the AFRL facilities to support collaborative C2 experiments.
February 25, 2005 - Echelon 4 Corporation announced today a contract extension and funding enhancement from the Air Force Research Laboratory, Griffiss AFB, Rome, NY. The contract provides for the development of an Enterprise C2 Bridge onsite at AFRL capable of hosting integrated C2 applications. Additional funding for the project is being provided by the Navy SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego, CA.
October 15, 2004 - Echelon 4 Corporation is pleased to announce the appointment of Mr. Joseph Balistrieri to the position of Director, Systems Analysis & Business Development. Mr. Balistrieri joins us from senior engineering positions at Allen-Bradley Rockwell and the Centare Group, where he was responsible for the design and implementation of a wide range of control and enterprise applications systems.
October 13, 2004 - Echelon 4 Corporation joined and has participated in the inaugural meeting of the SE Wisconsin Homeland Security Partnership. The partnership includes state, regional and local government, police, fire, medical, national guard, Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Defense, Department of Defense, Department of Transportation, and private sector agencies and businesses. The goal of the partnership is the identification of capabilities and interagency cooperatives that improve Wisconsin's ability to recognize and respond to natural and terrorist incidents in a timely and efficient manner.
September, 15, 2004 - Echelon 4 demonstrated its Enterprise Command and Control (EC2) concepts and technology to state and local agencies responsible for homeland defense and emergency services. EC2 provides support for the Incident Command System (ICS) and the National Incident Management System (NIMS), both de facto standards defining policies and procedures for incident management.
June 18, 2004 - At the DOD sponsored 9th Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS) held in San Diego, CA. Dr. Jay Bayne presented an invited paper entitled An Engineering Model for Enterprise Command and Control. The presentation is available here, and the paper here.
May 3, 2004 - Echelon 4 Corporation announced today that Mr. Robert Laferriere has been appointed Vice President of Engineering. Mr. Laferriere has spent the last 12 years at GE Healthcare where he held senior positions in the design and delivery of high performance clinical IT and diagnostic imaging solutions. He is an expert in image processing and pattern recognition, object-oriented and web-services software engineering, designing for Six Sigma quality, and development program management. Mr. Laferriere will provide leadership in the implementation of Echelon 4's grid-based "enterprise command and control" (EC2) solutions.
April 2, 2004 - Echelon 4 Corporation announced today that it will move into its new corporate offices in Mequon, Wisconsin on May 1, 2004.
March 27, 2004 - The 8th International IEEE Conference on High Assurance Systems Engineering (HASE'04) was held in Tampa, FL. Echelon 4 sponsored and chaired a Panel Session focused on the Industrial implications of HASE. The panel included Dr. Raymond Paul of the Department of Defense, Mr. Tom Keeley of Compsim, Dr. Bret Michaels of the Naval Post Graduate School, and Dr. Jay Bayne of Echelon 4 Corporation. Dr. Bayne's presentation is here (pdf, 5Mbyte).
March 22, 2004 - InTech Magazine, a publication of the Instrument, Systems and Automation (ISA) Society, featured an article by Dr. Bayne entitled "Web Services' New World." The article is a derivative of the paper presented at the ISA EXPO 2003 Conference in Houston in October, 2003.
February 20, 2004 - Echelon 4 LLC announced today that it has been incorporated as a Delaware "S" Corporation. The corporate name is now Echelon 4 Inc. Dr. Jay Bayne is President.
February 2, 2004 - Echelon 4 LLC will participate in the invitation-only "Technology Connection Exchange" event, Chippewa Valley, Eau Claire, WI on February 11. The event is sponsored by the Wisconsin Technology Network and Mason Wells, and includes leading technology, venture capital, legal and healthcare executives from the Madison, Milwaukee and Eau Claire (Minneapolis-St. Paul) regions.
January 27, 2004 - Echelon 4 LLC announced today receiving notice of award of a Phase II SBIR grant related to its work on grid-connected real-time decision (command) and control. The grant provides funding for implementation of a new breed of service-oriented and event-driven software designed to enable secure collaborative enterprise decision and control.
January 23, 2004 - Echelon 4 LLC received notice today that its paper entitled "An Enterprise Command and Control Engineering Model" has been accepted for publication and presentation at the 9th (2004) Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS), to be held at Loews Coronado Bay Resort, San Diego, June 15-17.
January 20, 2004 - Echelon 4 LLC reaches its fourth major SBIR Phase I milestone and deliverable with release of "Volume 4 - Grid Services Specification."
December 2, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC submits its Phase II SBIR proposal to the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), entitled "The C2 Bridge - Demonstration of a Scalable, Collaborative, Grid-based Decision & Control System."
November 15, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC reaches its third major SBIR milestone and deliverable with release of "Volume 3 - Architecture Specification."
October 28, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC has been invited to submit a SBIR Phase II Proposal based on several successful results obtained during its current work on an Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Phase I grant.
September 3, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC, through the legal firm Michael Best & Friedrich, has submitted a patent application with several claims in the general area of grid-based (i.e., distributed) real-time scale-free enterprise decision (command) and control systems. Key claims involve aspects of its value production unit (VPU), scalable echelon control model, and enterprise operating system (EOS) concepts.
August 29, 2003 - Dr. Bayne is appointed Vice Program Chair for the 8th IEEE International Symposium on High Assurance Systems Engineering, to be held in Tampa, FL 25-26 March, 2004. The symposium is cosponsored by the IEEE Computer Society and the University of South Florida.
August 20, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC participates in a consortium to provide design concepts and prototypes for key elements of the DOD's Unified Command System (UCS). The program includes "service oriented architectures" that support performance management of "collaborative workspaces" that support grid-based real-time distributed command and control applications.
July 29, 2003 - Dr. Bayne attended the 7th World Multi-conference on Systemics, Cybernetics, & Informatics, Orlando FL, and presented A Software Architecture for Control of Value Production in Federated Systems. Presentation materials for the talk may be found here.
May 30, 2003 - Dr. Bayne invited to speak at the Plenary Session of the Wisconsin Entrepreneurs' Conference, June 3-4, 2003, held at the Hyatt Regency Milwaukee, WI. Echelon 4 LLC is a member of the Wisconsin Innovation Network (WIN) supporting "Vision 2020: A Model Wisconsin Economy."
May 9, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC awarded an Air Force SBIR Phase 1 Grant for its proposal "Feasibility of Grid-based Distributed Real-Time Command and Control."
May 1, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC enters into cooperative research and development agreement with the National Institute for Systems Testing and Productivity (NISTP) at the University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
April 28, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC's invited paper Performance Measurement in C2 Systems accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the 8th International Command & Control Research & Technology Symposium.
April 16, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC invited to submit a paper to the 8th International Command & Control Research & Technology Symposium, June 17-19, 2003, National Defense University, Washington DC. The Symposium is sponsored by the Department of Defense Command and Control Research Program (CCRP), under the direction of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (ASD/C3I). The paper is entitled Performance Measurement in C2 Systems.
April 02, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC selected to assist the US Navy's Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) in analyzing command and control systems performance and effectiveness in FORCEnet, its "network centric warfare" environment connecting surface, subsurface, air and land based forces.
February 17, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC participates in the Wisconsin Venture Network (WTN) and Wisconsin Technology Council (WTC) in order to contribute to the development of high-technology (computing, communications and controls) ventures in South East Wisconsin area.
January 03, 2003 - Echelon 4 LLC announces its application for research and development support from the DoD SBIR program. The support will be used in further developing the Enterprise Operating System (EOS).
October 28, 2002 - Echelon 4 LLC's Enterprise Operating System (EOS) design rests on the emerging Distributed Real-time Java Specification.
August 25, 2002 - Echelon 4 invited to engage in "Next Generation Oil & Gas Production Control System Design."
May 15, 2002 - Echelon 4 invited to bid on Department of the Navy's C4ISR Infrastructure Management Program
April 29, 2002 - Dr. Bayne presents "Automation & Control in Large-scale Interactive Systems" at IEEE 2002 International Symposium on Object-oriented Real-time Computing Systems, Arlington, VA
An Enterprise Governance System (EGS) provides real-time network-mediated (collaborative) governance (decision, command and control) services for enterprises composed of interactive organizational units.
An enterprise is an arbitrary unit of organization created for a specific purpose, guided by policies (constraints), endowed with assets (capabilities) and launched in an operating context (ecosystem) for the express purpose of achieving a set of value propositions.
Enterprise Value Production Unit (VPU)
An enterprise produces "value" for its superiors and those peers (clients and suppliers) with which it "trades," relations establishing a natural containment or accountability structure within each ecosystem. As shown above, enterprises are modeled as "value production units" (VPU) interconnected in a lattice (mesh) structure.
An enterprise (VPU) is viable to the degree its governance structure allows its management team (captain and officers, flight crew) to realize its value propositions through continuous or punctuated adaptation (evolution) of its value production capabilities.
Adaptation of an enterprise (VPU) takes place in a cyberspatial reference system (i.e., in cyberspace-time), a combination of geospatial (digital earth reference model, DERM), infospatial (internet addressing, IPv6) and network time indices, as summarized in the figure below.
Enterprises operate in dynamic and often chaotic environments - three dimensional spaces (plus time): vertically along a superior-subordinate "asset chain" or command axis, horizontally along a peer-level "production chain" or logistics axis and in the depth dimension, along a federation axis in one or more communities of interest (COI).
Allied Enterprise VPUs
Enterprise command and control (EC2) governance systems provide three core [network accessible] capabilities, including control services, command services and performance measurement services.
Control services include the cyclic execution of situation assessment, plan generation and plan execution services.
Cyclic Situation Control Model
Command services define the roles and responsibilities of the primary human and synthetic (e.g., auto-pilot) actors (flight crew) responsible for enterprise operations.
Command (Actor) Model
EC2 systems are mesosynchronous, with their internal and interactive (external) processes operating with a mixture of synchronous and asynchronous timing relations. The basic interaction of federated EC2 systems is assumed asynchronous, owing to the independent and sovereign nature of each enterprise. The basic exchange mechanism is described as "task, publish, process and use" (TPPU), encouraging each enterprise VPU to acquire information, publish it to its federated community, the process and us (consume) the results.
Asynchronous Timing: Task, Publish, Process & Use
A whitepaper entitled "The Structure of Enterprise Systems" addresses the role of enterprise command and control in the context of current efforts to integrate industrial production control and ERP systems using ANSI/ISA-95.00 and related standards.
Our work on enterprise command and control concepts and technology has generated sufficient interest to warrant a book on the subject. During October 2005 a book was written and is now in review, ostensibly within the DOD research community. We anticipate publication in FY06. Interested readers may find the Preface of some value.
There have been several recent and important developments in the field of real-time systems research and development. Of part relevance to our work, the special field of time-utility functions (TUF) and utility accrual (UA) scheduling provides important contributions to the policies and mechanisms employed in our EC2 software to allow for establishing and supporting end-to-end timeliness properties.
This definition of joint enterprise command and control (JEC2) forms the basis for much our work.
The paper Architecture of Federated Enterprise was presented and accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the Instrumentation, Systems and Automation (ISA) EXPO 2003 Conference, recently held in Houston, TX, October 21-23.
A Software Architecture for Control of Value Production in Federated Systems, a paper presented at the 7th World Multi-Conference on Systems, Cybernetics & Information (SCI2003), Orlando, FL, July 28-30, 2003. The paper was awarded "Best Paper" in the area of "Applications of Informatics and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering," and has been published in the Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics & Informatics, Vol. 1 No. 8.
Performance Measurement in C2 Systems, a paper published in the Proceedings of the 8th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium held at the National Defense University, Ft. McNair, Washington DC, June 17-19, 2003.
Automation and Control in Grid-Connected Federations, a companion paper to A Software Architecture for Control of Value Production in Federated Systems. This paper is to be published in the Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE Electro-Information Technology (EIT) Conference, Indianapolis, IN, June 5-6, 2003.
Value Production in Distributed Real-time Enterprise, a research paper on a class of metrics for distributed control of federated enterprise.
Integrated Systems - Industrial Process and Commercial Controls, a research report written for the Automation Research Corporation (ARC) on the integration of disparate automation systems found in industrial manufacturing.
The Architecture of Enterprise, a an essay on the role that enterprise architecture plays as a determinant of commercial viability in a networked economy.
E. Douglas Jensen has recently updated his important and highly informative www.real-time.org web site.
IBM Autonomic Computing initiative is applying cybernetics to computing system infrastructure in the same fashion Echelon 4 is applying cybernetics to enterprise management & control systems.